Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Cote dIvoire Djibouti DR Congo Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe
African states, total number: 54.
The story is that the political map of Africa a hundred years ago was absolutely different from the recent one. Most of the territories were conquered by European countries and declared the subordinate colonies. Most of them were grabbed by France and the British Empire, but Spain, Portugal, the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy and Germany also had their share. In the mid-twentieth century, after a powerful anti-colonial wave, almost all African countries gained their independence in one form or another, with it changing the borders and names. However, it did not contribute to the establishment of peace, and somewhere, on the contrary, there are still lasting military conflicts. The latest example is Sudan, which until recently has been the largest country in Africa by area size. Religious, ethnic, economic conflicts have led to the fact that a large part broke away from the state and was called South Sudan. The same can be said about the separation of Eritrea from Ethiopia, by a strong influence from Italy.
The African continent is not the largest, but it contains the largest number of countries - fifty four.